Entertainment Music The World's Best Symphony Orchestras Share PINTEREST Email Print Music Classical Music Basics Lyrics Operas Rock Music Pop Music Alternative Music Country Music Folk Music Rap & Hip Hop Rhythm & Blues World Music Punk Music Heavy Metal Jazz Latin Music Oldies Learn More By Aaron Green Music Expert B.A., Classical Music and Opera, Westminster Choir College of Rider University Aaron M. Green is an expert on classical music and music history, with more than 10 years of both solo and ensemble performance experience. our editorial process Aaron Green Updated January 25, 2019 In 2008, Gramophone, one of the world's most respected classical music publications, took on the monumental task of ranking the world's best orchestras. With a panel composed of eleven renowned music critics from the United States, France, Austria, the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, and Korea, Gramophone only ranked orchestras of a similar nature: modern romantic symphony orchestras (those known for their Mahlers, Wagners, Verdis, Strausses, and Dvoraks). Symphony orchestras that only specialize in a certain type of music such as baroque or renaissance music were omitted. Though not everyone will agree with the final rankings, the orchestras on this list are all deserving of their inclusion. 01 of 20 Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam Hiroyuki Ito/Getty Images The Royal Concertgebouw has been performing classical music since 1888. The orchestra has a unique sound, largely due to the fact that it has only had seven conductors since its establishment. With a collection of nearly 1,000 recordings, it's easy to see why this orchestra takes its position at the top. Daniele Gatti assumed the role of chief conductor for the 2016-17 season. He succeeded Mariss Jansons, who was the chief conductor at the time of this ranking. 02 of 20 Berlin Philharmonic Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images Founded in 1882, the Berlin Philharmonic has had 10 principal conductors, with its latest being Sir Simon Rattle since 2002. It's no surprise to see the Berlin Philharmonic in this position, especially since under Rattle the orchestra has won a handful of Grammys, Gramophone Awards, and more. 03 of 20 Vienna Philharmonic Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images The Vienna Philharmonic is a very popular orchestra with long waiting lists for its weekday and weekend subscription tickets. With one of the world's best concert halls and a grueling audition process for its musicians, it's not hard to understand why this orchestra is so well-liked and highly regarded. 04 of 20 London Symphony Orchestra Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images Since its founding in 1904, the London Symphony Orchestra has quickly become one of the world's most famous, in part due to the group's recordings of original scores for movies such as "Star Wars," "Raiders of the Lost Ark," and "Harry Potter." 05 of 20 Chicago Symphony Orchestra Raymond Boyd / Getty Images The Chicago Symphony Orchestra is often considered the top U.S. orchestra thanks to its highly regarded brass section. At the time of this ranking, the group was led by Daniel Barenboim. It is now under the baton of renowned conductor Riccardo Muti. 06 of 20 Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images Founded in 1949, this relatively young orchestra has had only five chief conductors: Eugen Jochum, Rafael Kubelík, Sir Colin Davis, Lorin Maazel, and Mariss Jansons. Because the group is a radio orchestra, every nuance can be picked up by the microphones; the musicians must be highly technical and emphatic for every note on the page. 07 of 20 Cleveland Orchestra Douglas Sacha / Getty Images Franz Welser-Möst has led the Cleveland Orchestra since 2002. With its extensive touring across the U.S. and abroad, its long-term relationships with several leading orchestras, and Welser-Möst's inspiring interpretations of popular classics, the Cleveland Orchestra, another of the "Big 5" orchestras, has rightfully earned its place this list. 08 of 20 Los Angeles Philharmonic Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images The Los Angeles Philharmonic was founded in 1919. The group's "forward-thinking" interpretations and its ability to remold and remodel its performances at the whim of the conductor gives this orchestra a unique advantage. The group resides in the abstract Walt Disney Concert Hall, where it has been led by conductor Gustavo Dudamel since 2005. 09 of 20 Budapest Festival Orchestra Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images This "baby" orchestra was founded in 1983, but despite its young age, has become a leading world orchestra. Iván Fischer, the orchestra’s founder, set out to create an orchestra that would influence and invigorate the musical life and culture of Hungary—and that he did. 10 of 20 Dresden Staatskapelle Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images Unlike the Budapest Festival Orchestra, the Dresden Staatskapelle has been performing for over 450 years. The orchestra has a rich and varied history as well as a beautiful concert hall that adds to its unique sound. The group is led by conductor Christian Thielemann. 11 of 20 Boston Symphony Orchestra Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images The third "Big 5" member on the list is the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Founded in 1881, the orchestra has spent most of its life in the Boston Symphony Hall, which was modeled after Vienna's Musikverein. The Boston Symphony Orchestra was the first orchestra to perform live on the radio (in 1926). The group has been led by music director Andris Nelsons since 2014. 12 of 20 New York Philharmonic Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images The fourth "Big 5" on the list, the New York Philharmonic is the United States' oldest orchestra; it was founded in 1842. The group has won over a dozen Grammy Awards. Perhaps the best-known person to lead the New York Philharmonic is Leonard Bernstein, who conducted from 1958 to 1969. 13 of 20 San Francisco Symphony Bettmann Archive / Getty Images Established in 1911, the San Francisco Symphony is known for its remarkable Mahler recordings. The group has been led by Michael Tilson Thomas since 1995. Thomas is the longest-tenured music director among the major American orchestras. 14 of 20 Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra Dan Porges/Getty Images The Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra is one of Russia's oldest companies. It is currently led by artistic and general director Valery Gergiev, where he has served since 1988. 15 of 20 Russian National Orchestra Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images A relatively young orchestra, the Russian National Orchestra was founded in 1990. With over 75 recordings and over a dozen awards, it has quickly gained popularity and world recognition. The orchestra is led by its founder and artistic director, Mikhail Pletnev. 16 of 20 Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra Redferns via Getty Images / Getty Images The Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra has been officially performing in the Gewandhaus concert hall since 1781. With an impressive history of past conductors, including Felix Mendelssohn, the orchestra has been performing fantastic classical music for over 250 years. The group is led by music director Andris Nelsons, who is also the music director of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. 17 of 20 Metropolitan Opera Orchestra Jack Vartoogian/Getty Images / Getty Images The Metropolitan Opera Orchestra performs nearly every day of the week during the opera season. The Met, known for its superb opera stars, needs to have an equally impressive roster of talented instrumentalists. The orchestra is led by principal conductor Fabio Luisi, who has held the post since 2011. 18 of 20 Saito Kinen Orchestra Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images Founded in 1984 by famed conductors Seiji Ozawa and Kazuyoshi Akiyama, the Saito Kinen Orchestra is the most famous orchestra in Japan. The group was initially organized to perform a series of special concerts commemorating the 10th anniversary of Hideo Saito's death. Saito, a teacher to both Ozawa and Akiyama, helped found one of Japan's leading schools of music, the Toho Gakuen School. 19 of 20 Czech Philharmonic Hiroyuki Ito / Getty Images Founded in 1896, the Czech Philharmonic has won a variety of awards. Notable past conductors include Rafael Kubelik and Vaclav Neumann. In 1908, Gustav Mahler conducted the premiere of his 7th Symphony with the Czech Philharmonic. 20 of 20 Leningrad Philharmonic Demetrio Carrasco / Getty Images The oldest Russian orchestra, the Leningrad Philharmonic, formally known as the Saint Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra, was founded in 1882. Under the baton of Yuri Temirkanov, the orchestra tours extensively.