Entertainment Fashion & Style Perfume, Eau De Toilette, and Cologne: What's the Difference? A Quick Guide to the Common Types of Perfume Share PINTEREST Email Print Tetra Images/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images Fashion & Style Fragrance Accessories Tops & Sweaters Dresses Skirts Jeans Pants Outerwear Lingerie & Swimwear Do It Yourself Shoes Skincare Advice Makeup Hair Tattoos and Body Piercings Kids and Teens Bumps & Babies Learn More By Catherine Helbig Contributing Writer Cathy Helbig is a contributing writer covering fragrance for Byrdie. our editorial process Catherine Helbig Updated May 10, 2019 Ever wonder what the difference is among perfume, eau de toilette, and cologne? Well, wonder no more! A Quick Note on Composition Fragrance products are composed of animal- and plant-based aromatic compounds or esters (or their man-made equivalents), dissolved in a combination of alcohol and water. The concentration of actual fragrance is what determines whether a product is a perfume, eau de toilette, cologne, etc. Parfum / Perfume Parfum—also called extract or extrait perfume—is the most concentrated or purest form of a fragrance product and is the longest-lasting on the skin. As such, it is also the most expensive. A true parfum (perfume) will contain 15 percent or more (typically up to 30 percent) of the essential fragrance. Eau de Parfum Only slightly less potent (and expensive) than parfum, a eau de parfum typically contains anywhere from eight to 15 percent of the essential fragrance. Eau de Toilette With about five to eight percent of the perfume essence, this is a light scent designed for shorter wear on the skin. Eau Fraiche This is the feminine term used for women's eau de cologne concentrations, containing three percent or less of perfume oil. Eau de Cologne A masculine scent composed of two to five percent of the essential scent.