The Physical And Emotional Effects of Domestic Violence

Negative Effects Of Domestic Abuse
Moment/Arman Zhenikeyev - professional photographer from Kazakhstan/Getty Images

What Are the Negative Effects of Domestic Violence?

I think it is understood that domestic violence has a negative effect on the victim. The longer the abuse continues the more negative the effects. It is crucial to the physical, mental and social well fare of the victim that they recognize abuse and remove themselves from the situation quickly.

Studies have found that adults who are long-term victims of domestic abuse are more likely to suffer from heart conditions, chronic pain conditions and asthsma due to long time exposure to stress. 

Some conditions, PTSD, depression and anxiety can follow the victim even after leaving the abusive relationship. Leaving some to self-medicate with alcohol because of a lack of access to proper medical help for such chronic conditions. 

And, if a couple has children, those children are impacted by domestic abuse in the home. Children can be left with chronic emotional problems that one day impact their relationships and children. Domestic abuse impacts the victims and those they love for generations to come. 

Below is a list of the negative effects of those who aren’t able to escape domestic violence.

Physical Effects of Domestic Violence:

At least 42% women and 20% of men sustain minor injuries such as scratches, bruises and swelling. More severe injury may occur if the abuse is frequent and harsh. Some of the most common injuries are:

Psychological Effects of Domestic Violence:

Where there is physical violence there is also emotional abuse. Whether the abuse is physical, verbal or emotional it can have severe psychological consequences for to victim. Consequences the victim will suffer with for years to come.

  • Depression,
  • Loss of hope in the future,
  • Suicidal behavior,
  • Anxiety,
  • Low self-esteem,
  • Inability to trust,
  • Fear of intimacy,
  • Sleep disturbances,
  • Inability to concentrate,
  • Flashbacks

Social Effects of Domestic Violence:

The negative social effects can be the very thing that restricts the victim's ability to escape domestic violence. It isn't easy when a victim is controlled by their abuser, feels the responsbility for protecting their abuser from authority figures or, hides the abuse from friends and family out of shame. 

  • Controlled access to services meant to help the victim.
  • Strained relationships with authority figures such as health care providers and employers.
  • Isolation from family, friends and other supportive individuals.

Domestic Violence Resources:

There are many community services for those experiencing domestic violence. Local law enforcement agencies, legal aid agencies and shelters are available with the needs of men and women who have experienced domestic violence.

If you are a victim of domestic violence contact one of the organizations below for a list of agencies in your area and advice on how to protect yourself from further harm.

Domestic Abuse Screening Quiz

National Domestic Violence Hotline

National Sexual Violence Hotline

National Coalition Against Domestic Violence

Watch Now: 9 Signs He or She Might be Cheating on You?