5 Buffet-Style Restaurant Concepts

Plus the Benefits and Drawbacks

Close-up of hands scooping servings from a buffet line
Jure Gasparic / EyeEm / Getty Images

Originating in 16th-century France, buffet-style dining has stood the test of time and continues to be a popular choice for many restaurant customers. By definition, a buffet is a meal where guests serve themselves from a variety of dishes set out on a table or sideboard (from "Food Lover’s Companion").

Today, there are many restaurant concepts centered around a buffet theme. Buffets are also served on special occasions or as restaurant promotions. And restaurants who offer catering services use buffets as an efficient way to feed a large number of guests. Here is an overview of these basic buffet concepts.

All You Can Eat

Just as the name implies, this type of buffet offers guests the most bang for their buck. Typically customers pay one price and serve themselves from different stations featuring appetizers, a salad bar, hot items, or desserts. Many restaurants, such as Old Country Buffet or Ryan's, offer this buffet-style service. However, as the obesity epidemic in the United States continues to rise, the all-you-can-eat buffets are losing popularity.

Cafeteria Style

Less prevalent in restaurants is the cafeteria-style buffet. In this type of restaurant buffet, customers select plates of food as they pass through a line. They might take a plate with a pre-made sandwich, a plate with a dessert, and a cup of soup, for example.

Special Occasions

Many restaurants will offer a buffet as a restaurant promotion or for special occasions. For example, as a restaurant promotion, a restaurant might offer a special seafood buffet on the first Friday of every month. Or they might offer a special Mother’s Day brunch buffet instead of a regular menu.


Restaurants who offer catering services use buffets to feed large groups of people quickly and efficiently. Weddings, business meetings, and holiday parties are all ideal situations for a catered buffet. Restaurants can also provide catered buffets off site, expanding their business further.

Healthy Concepts

Some restaurant chains are built around the perception of healthy buffet choices. Soup Plantation, for example, offers a "healthy all-you-can-eat" buffet. With an array of salad bars and soups and fresh produce available, the chain features 97 units in the U.S.

As restaurant menus continue to receive more scrutiny from public health advocates and consumers, many chains who emphasize "fresh," "healthy," or "organic" ingredients are coming under fire about the high calories of menu items.

Is a Buffet Right for Your Restaurant?

Choosing whether to offer buffet-style catering services or even in-house on special occasions comes down to your restaurant's business model. Consider the benefits and drawbacks before you decide.

Buffet Benefits:

  • Save on payroll: You can feed a large number of people with minimal staff.
  • Move food quickly: It also allows you to rotate the food in the restaurant kitchen faster.
  • Attract budget diners: Buffets as special promotions can draw in customers on a budget who may not normally dine out at your restaurant.
  • Improve your margins: A buffet offers a great way to cut food costs and increase profit margins, as long as you understand how to price your buffet menu.

Buffet Drawbacks:

  • Lower prices: While you save on payroll, the price for a buffet, even an all-you-can-eat deal, is typically less than a traditional sit-down dinner.
  • More maintenance: Buffets also require a great deal of upkeep to maintain food safety as well as aesthetics. Servers or kitchen staff should be continually checking the buffet to make sure that containers are refilled and the buffet itself is neat and clean, as well as that the proper temperatures for both hot and cold food.
  • Customer perception: Many diners simply prefer table service for their dining experience.

A classic dining option, buffets will always be a popular choice for large gatherings and other special occasions. Restaurant owners can dress up their buffets with elegant food and drink pairings and unique presentations for special events. As a stand-alone restaurant theme, buffets have fallen out of favor, but they are still an excellent way to provide catering services for large crowds.