Activities Sports & Athletics Reading Greens: The Basics of Picking Pace and Putting Line Share PINTEREST Email Print Jared C. Tilton/Getty Images Sports & Athletics Golf Basics History Gear Golf Courses Famous Golfers Golf Tournaments Baseball Basketball Bicycling Billiards Bodybuilding Bowling Boxing Car Racing Cheerleading Cricket Extreme Sports Football Gymnastics Ice Hockey Martial Arts Professional Wrestling Skateboarding Skating Paintball Soccer Swimming & Diving Table Tennis Tennis Track & Field Volleyball Other Activities Learn More By Harold Swash, one of Europe's top golf instructors, is the founder of Harold Swash Putting Schools of Excellence. our editorial process Harold Swash Updated November 06, 2019 The ability to read the correct line and speed of a putt is a very important skill for every golfer to develop. To help develop such a skill, consider the following points. Key Points Comstock/Stockbyte/Getty Images Speed: Controlling the speed of your putt is vitally important. The quicker the ball is rolling, the less the ball will break: The optimum pace to hit a putt is one that will take the ball 15 inches to 17 inches past the hole. This speed ensures that the ball holds its line. True Down Slope Direction (TDSD): The momentum of the stroke makes the ball roll along a straight line initially (we have stated the relationship between speed and break). However, as the ball gets closer to the hole the ball begins to lose its speed. As it loses its speed the ball will start to look for and go down the true down slope of the green as gravity begins to take over. Assessing Your Putt and Picking Target Line Gregory Shamus/Getty Images Based on the key points, we can say that every putt is effectively a straight putt: It depends on how hard you hit it as to whether it takes any break. With your pace of putt in mind, pick the break you envisage the putt will take. Then pick your target out as a straight line and hit the ball at the right speed so that it takes the break. When you approach the green, it is important to look at the contours and assess the slopes and lie of the land. Firstly, assess whether the putt is uphill, downhill or across any slope. Uphill or Downhill Jonathan Devich/Getty Images Downhill Putts With less momentum from the strike on a downhill putt, gravity will act upon the ball sooner on its run towards the hole and force the ball down the direction of the true down slope. On downhill putts, therefore, we need to allow for more break. Remember: less speed equals more break. Uphill Putts Uphill putts are much easier than downhill putts because they have less break due to the momentum of the strike required to hit the ball up the hill. Remember: more speed equals less break. The ball will take any break when it starts to lose speed. This is when gravity starts to takes over and the ball will follow the true down slope. Putts on Side Slopes Andrew Redington/Getty Images It is important to note that putts hit across any side slope are uphill on the first part of the putt and downhill on the second part of the putt. Once you have assessed whether the putt is uphill or downhill (to help you determine the pace and initial starting line), then focus on the area around the hole where the ball will die to gain an understanding of the direction of the true down slope. That's where the slope will have the greatest influence on your putt. By building up a picture of the contours, you will build up a picture of the line and pace you need to hit the ball on for it to go in the hole. Practice reading putts in the same way you practice your mechanics. This will help you learn to assess the effects different slopes and speeds have on your putts. Building up such experience will help you make more decisive and accurate reads on the greens. About the Instructor These tips, which appear courtesy of Pocketbooks "Putting Fundamentals," are from putting guru Harold Swash. Swash, the founder of Harold Swash Putting Schools of Excellence, is one of the top golf instructors in Europe, having coached, among others, Padraig Harrington, David Howell, Nick Faldo and Darren Clarke.