Entertainment Love and Romance Child Custody in Minnesota Familiarize Yourself with Child Custody Laws in Minnesota Share PINTEREST Email Print ImagesBazaar/Vetta/Getty Images Love and Romance Divorce Relationships Sexuality Teens LGBTQ Friendship By Debrina Washington Family law attorney and writer University of Pittsburgh School of Law Skidmore College Debrina L. Washington is a New York-based family law attorney and writer, who runs her own virtual practice to assist single parents with legal issues. our editorial process Debrina Washington Updated May 23, 2019 Minnesota uses several criteria to determine child custody. Primarily, a court in Minnesota determines custody based on the best interests of the child. Parents who wish to file for child custody in Minnesota should first become familiar with the custody statutes. Custody Orders in Minnesota After parents separate or divorce, a Minnesota court will determine physical and legal custody of the child, as well as child support. The court will also grant parents the following rights: Access to copies of school, medical, dental and religious training recordsAccess to medical and dental insurance available to a childContact with the child's teachers and the ability to attend parent-teacher conferencesKnowledge of the name and address of the child's schools Best Interests of Child Child custody in Minnesota is based on the best interests of the child. Factors included in a best interest of the child determination are: The wishes of the child's parentsThe child's wishes, if the child is considered to be of a sufficient age and maturity level to express a reasonable opinion (generally age 12 or older)The child's adjustment to home, school and communityThe mental and physical health of the parties involved (a disability is not a determinative factor for custody of the child)The child's cultural backgroundThe child's relationship with his/her parents, siblings and extended family membersAny history of abuseThe child's primary caretakerThe length of time the child has lived in a stable environment Joint Custody in Minnesota A court in Minnesota presumes that joint legal custody is in the child's best interests. When parents seek joint child custody in Minnesota, the court will consider the following factors prior to reaching a decision: The parents' ability to communicate with one another in decisions that affect the rearing of the childWhether it would be harmful to the child if one parent would have sole decision-making responsibility regarding the rearing of the childThe parents' willingness to employ cooperative, diverse methods when making decisions that affect the childWhether there is a history of domestic violence between the parents For more information about child custody in Minnesota, speak with a qualified attorney in Minnesota or refer to the Minnesota statutes.