Liberty National Golf Club Pictures

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Golf In the Shadow of the Statue of Liberty

Justin Rose of England tees off on the second hole during the third round of The Barclays at Liberty National Golf Club on August 24, 2013
Golfer Justin Rose tees off Liberty National's second hole during the 2013 Barclays tournament. Jeff Gross/Getty Images

Liberty National Golf Club is an ultra-exclusive private club with initiation fees of around half a million dollars. It opened in 2006 after a construction process whose costs were around $130 million.

Why so expensive? First, location: Liberty National is in Jersey City, New Jersey, but is more associated with New York City because the course overlooks New York harbor, the Statue of Liberty and the Manhattan skyline.

Second, because Liberty National was built on a site that used to be a petroleum storage facility and garbage dump - land that had once been classified a toxic waste site.

Liberty National Golf Club was designed by Bob Cupp and Tom Kite. It plays to around 7,400 yards and par 71, with a USGA course rating of 77.9. The course has been a host site for The Barclays PGA Tour event.

In the photo above, the Statue of Liberty looms large in the background behind the No. 2 green at Liberty National Golf Club. The Statue is the club's namesake.

Liberty National is the brainchild of Reebok CEO Paul Fireman, who purchased a site on the New Jersey side of New York harbor and in 1992 first brought golf course designers in for a look. At that time, the land on which the golf course sits was considered a toxic waste dump - it had been an industrial and warehouse area previously, with parts of the property serving as a petroleum storage facility and others as a landfill.

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Manhattan Skyline

Liberty National Golf Club Hole 13
Michael Cohen / Getty Images

This image of the 13th green at Liberty National Golf Club displays two distinctive features of the course: Its greens and its views.

The greens at Liberty National are known for being very undulating, as the 13th shows in the photo above, both on its surface and in its approaches and runoffs. And in the background is the skyline of Manhattan.

Other New York buroughs are also visible from Liberty National. It doesn't appear in this gallery, but the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, which connects Staten Island and Brooklyn, is visible from parts of the course.

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Harbor View

Liberty National Golf Club Hole 14 Teeing Ground
Michael Cohen / Getty Images

Looking rearward from the teeing ground of the 14th hole at Liberty National Golf Club.

Liberty National was designed by golf course architect Bob Cupp and World Golf Hall of Fame member Tom Kite.

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Liberty National No. 14

Liberty National Golf Club Hole 14 and Clubhouse
Michael Cohen / Getty Images

The roofline of the Liberty National Golf Club clubhouse appears behind the No. 14 green.

Liberty National has the look of a links course - it's next to water, there is lots of tall fescue all around the course, plenty of sand, and almost no trees. Except, as in the photo above, where trees are visible around the edges or in the backdrop to playing areas.

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On the Waterfront

Liberty National Golf Club Hole 14 Green and Harbor
Michael Cohen / Getty Images

New York City's harbor is the body of water that laps up against the Jersey City shore on which Liberty National Golf Club sits. This image shows the view from the No. 14 green looking out onto the harbor.

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No. 17 Green

Liberty National Golf Club Hole 17 Green
Michael Cohen / Getty Images

A look at the 17th green at Liberty National Golf Club. Vijay Singh has said of Liberty National, "It's a very modern golf course with a very old-fashioned look to it."

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Lady Liberty

A view of the 17th hole photographed at Liberty National Golf Club
Michael Cohen/Getty Images

Playing up the 17th fairway, golfers at Liberty National Golf Club are playing toward the Statue of Liberty. The Statue - whose official name is Liberty Enlightening the World - is on Liberty Island, a 12-acre piece of land in New York harbor that is approximately 1,000 yards offshore from Liberty National.

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Home Hole

Liberty National Golf Club Hole 18 Fairway and Clubhouse
Michael Cohen / Getty Images

A view of the 18th fairway at Liberty National Golf Club. The building on the left is the course's clubhouse; the buildings on the right comprise the Manhattan skyline.

Because Liberty National was built over what was once condemned, toxic land, special construction techniques had to be used. Co-designer Bob Cupp said a layer of plastic was put over polluted land, then "millions of tons" of clay was put on top of that, then another plastic layer, and finally four feet of sand topped it off.

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Liberty National Clubhouse

Liberty National Golf Club Clubhouse
Michael Cohen / Getty Images

A view of the clubhouse at Liberty National Golf Club, which offers its own boat slips. Liberty National's well-heeled members have the option of arriving by helicopter, too, using the club's helipad. The easiest way to reach the course from New York City is via water taxi.