Careers Career Paths Jobs in the Banking Industry Find the right career and employer for your interests Share PINTEREST Email Print Career Paths Finance Careers Technology Careers Sports Careers Sales Project Management Professional Writer Music Careers Media Legal Careers US Military Careers Government Careers Fiction Writing Careers Entertainment Careers Criminology Careers Book Publishing Aviation Animal Careers Advertising Learn More By Mark Kolakowski Mark Kolakowski Mark Kolakowski is a business consultant, freelance writer, and business school lecturer. He has been an investor and market watcher for 40 years. Learn about our Editorial Process Updated on 11/20/19 Banks are indispensable to the American economy, and to most economies internationally as well. Banking is a core function of the financial services industry, so it only makes sense that banks are among the leading employers within the financial field. But exactly what jobs and careers are available in this sector? Here's a list of principal job categories in the banking industry and the employers within those categories. Types of Banking Jobs pixeldigits / Getty Images Before you begin looking for a job in banking, it's important to know what types of jobs are available and the qualifications you'll need. You should also understand the distinction between commercial banking and retail banking. Retail banks are those that serve families and small businesses. Commercial banks provide services to larger businesses and corporations. Bank Teller Jobs YinYang / Getty Images For many consumers, bank tellers are the face of the industry. And for many job seekers, becoming a bank teller is a great entry-level introduction to banking. Good communications skills are key, and it helps to be a "people person." A high school diploma usually provides sufficient education. Computer skills are important, and passing a background check is often required. Loan Officer Jobs Hero Images / Getty Images Loan officers are key employees within both commercial and retail banks as well as within other lending institutions. Top talent in this field is pretty consistently in demand. A loan officer helps clients and customers apply for loans and oversees the process, including determining just how much a client is qualified to borrow. She acts as a contact point and facilitator between the institution and the client. Private Banking Jobs AIMSTOCK / Getty Images Private banking serves the needs of high net worth clients, those with financial assets of at least $10 million. At a minimum, a bachelor's degree is required in addition to significant experience in the industry to achieve a career in this area. Investment Banking Jobs Bloom Productions / Getty Images Investment bankers raise funds for corporations by structuring the issuance of securities such as stocks and bonds. They also advise corporations that are contemplating mergers and acquisitions. Many of the largest commercial banks also have investment banking divisions. This field is fast-paced and very highly paid. Credentials for Banking Jobs FluxFactory / Getty Images Be mindful of the sorts of credentials that are either required by institutions or that can improve your chances of getting the sort of banking job you're looking for, even when they're just optional. Financial planning designations always look excellent on a resume, including those associated with retirement planning, and a background in investment management can be helpful as well. Leading Banks AFP / Getty Images / Getty Images Bank of America, JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Barclays, and many others head the lists of leading banking institutions. Do some research and find out if any of these big companies are a good fit for you. Nonbank Lenders seksan Mongkhonkhamsao / Getty Images These institutions aren't banks, but they do extend loans, securitize bank loans, or otherwise play roles in the extension of long-term or short-term credit. They include Quicken Loans, New American Funding, and LoanDepot . Investment Banking Firms Fuse / Getty Images Leading players in investment banking include Merrill Lynch, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley Wealth Management, Deutsche Bank, UBS, JPMorgan, Wells Fargo, and others. Banking Regulators KAREN BLEIER / AFP / Getty Images Banking is a highly regulated industry, and employment opportunities with the various government regulatory agencies are often overlooked. Sometimes starting a career with banking regulators can open doors to attract private sector banking jobs and vice versa. Familiarize yourself with the leading regulatory agencies and what they do.