Entertainment Music Biography of Israel Kamakawiwo'ole, Hawaiian Musician and Activist Share PINTEREST Email Print BigBoy Records Music World Music Top Artists Genres & Styles Top Picks Rock Music Pop Music Alternative Music Classical Music Country Music Folk Music Rap & Hip Hop Rhythm & Blues Punk Music Heavy Metal Jazz Latin Music Oldies Learn More By Megan Romer Updated August 22, 2019 Israel "Bruddah IZ" Kamakawiwo'ole (May 20, 1959–June 26, 1997) was born in Honolulu on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. Most famous for a widely-played rendition of "Somewhere Over the Rainbow," Kamakawiwo'ole's gentle ukulele playing and hauntingly beautiful voice made him a musical legend in Hawaii and around the world. Fast Facts: Israel Kamakawiwo'ole Known For: Hawaiian musician, activistBorn: May 20, 1959 in Honolulu, HawaiiParents: Evangeline Keale Kamakawiwo’ole and Henry “Tiny” Kaleialoha Naniwa Kamakawiwo’ole Died: June 26, 1997 in Honolulu, HawaiiEducation: Waianae High SchoolSolo Albums: "Ka'ano'i," "Facing Future"Spouse: Marlene Ku'upua Kamakawiwo'ole (m. 1982–1997)Children: Ceslie-Ann "Wehi" Early Life Israel Kamakawiwo'ole was born on May 20, 1959, one of three children of Evangeline Keale Kamakawiwo’ole and Henry “Tiny” Kaleialoha Naniwa Kamakawiwo’ole. Both of his parents were native Hawaiian, his mother from Ni’ihau, and his father from O'ahu island. He began playing his ukelele at the age of 10 in a pickup band with his brother Skippy and his cousin Allen. Israel was often invited onto the stage at the Steamboats bar at Waikiki beach (where his parents worked) to play with the Sons of Hawai'i, led by legendary slack key guitarist Gabby Pahinu and vocalist Eddie Kamae. His name is pronounced "Ka-MA-ka-VEE-vo-oh-lay" and it means "the fearless eye, the bold face" in the Hawaiian language. Kamakawiwo'ole's musical styles included the traditional ki ho'alu slack-key guitar tradition, the hapa-haole standards popular with Hawaii's tourists, and Jawaiian, a reggae-influenced style that arose in the late 1980s. Professional Musician A bit of a troublemaker as a youth, he dropped out of high school. While he was in his teens, his family moved to Oahu's Waianae Coast, where he and his brother Skippy would form the Makaha Sons of Ni'ihau band with Louis "Moon" Kauakahi, Sam Gray, and Jerome Koko. Together they made 21 albums between 1976 and 1991. Skippy Kamakawiwo'ole died of a heart attack in 1982, the same year Israel married his long-time sweetheart, Marlene Ku'upua Kamakawiwo'ole. They had one daughter, Ceslie-Ann, who was called "Wehi." In 1988, Israel Kamakawiwo'ole recorded the most famous song of his repertoire: Israel alone plays his ukulele and sings a combination of two popular songs, the words sung out of order and altered, which some music critics say speak to his longing for Hawaiian independence. The song would not be released for another five years, but the medley of the popular Harold Arlen / E.Y. Yip Harburg's standard "Somewhere Over the Rainbow" from The Wizard of Oz, and the Bob Thiele (as "George Douglas") and George David Weiss song "What A Wonderful World," made popular by Louis Armstrong is almost impossibly beautiful. Solo Career Israel Kamakawiwo'ole's first solo album was in 1990, Ka ʻAnoʻi, and between that and his work with the Makaha Sons, he was already popular in Hawaii when he burst onto the world music scene in 1993 with his second solo album Facing Future. The album shot to No. 1 on the Billboard World Music charts. By 2002, the record had sold 500,000 copies—the first Hawaiian-produced album to go gold—and was certified platinum, selling over 1 million copies by 2005. In Hawaii, Kamakawiwo'ole became a bona fide star. Facing Future contained the song that would eventually become most associated with him: his medley of "Somewhere Over the Rainbow/What A Wonderful World." It became known to the mainland in 1999 first through its use in a television commercial for eToys.com (later Toys R Us) and has since been used in many television shows and movies, including ER, Scrubs, 50 First Dates, Meet Joe Black, and Finding Forrester. Israel released two more albums before his death, and three were released posthumously: "Ala E" (1995), "N Dis Life" (1996), "IZ In Concert: The Man and His Music" (1998), "Alone In IZ World" (2001), and "Wonderful World" (2007). "Facing Future" remains the top-selling Hawaiian music album in the world. Political Activism In his music, Israel Kamakawiwo'ole was a staunch advocate for Hawaiian independence and Hawaiian cultural and environmental issues. His lyrics spoke of Hawaiian sovereignty and imagined what the ancient ancestors would think of the situation today; he urged respect for the environment and social justice and warned of the dangers of freeways and development. Death Israel Kamakawiwo'ole died on June 26, 1997, at the age of 38, before he gained his vast popularity. He had suffered from morbid obesity his entire life, reaching 750 pounds at one point. He died in the middle of the night of respiratory failure. He was laid in honor in Hawaii's Capitol building, and his ashes were later scattered into the ocean. He left behind his wife and teenage daughter. Sources Biography. The Official Site of Israel IZ Kamakawiwo'ole. Carroll, Rick. "Iz: Voice of the People." Bess Press, 2006.Chang, Jeff. "A Big Man's Ukulele, Plucking Heartstrings." The Washington Post, December 16, 2001.Creamer, Beverly. "Israel's Way: Activism Beyond Politics." The Honolulu Advertiser.Kekoa Enomoto, Catherine and Gregg K. Kakesako. "Obituary of Israel ‘Iz’ Kamakawiwo‘Ole: The revered isle singer, beset with respiratory and other medical problems, dies at 38." Honolulu Star-Bulletin, June 26, 1997.Ozzi, Dan. "20 Years Ago, Hawai’i Lost its Greatest Musical Icon." Vice, June 26, 2017.