Health and Safety Jobs: Career Options and Job Titles

Man discussing safety with construction workers

 Jose Luis Pelaez Inc. / DigitalVision / Getty Images

Health and safety jobs in the fields of law enforcement, fire safety, the environment, and wellness are numerous, and all offer potentially intriguing career opportunities.

If you're interested in helping people and/or the environment, you can discover a wide range of opportunities in this rewarding field.

Review job titles, career options, in-demand jobs, and salary information for health and safety occupations.

Careers in Health and Safety

If you have an interest in health and wellness, the field is wide open with a wealth of options.

  • You could pursue a career as an epidemiologist to help study and control diseases. 
  • In office environments, ergonomists study where and how people work and recommend ways for employees to be more healthy and efficient at their desks and elsewhere.
  • In medicine, you could pursue a career as a staff physician specializing in occupational medicine and primary care, or work as a medical director in employee health services.
  • You could also train to become an industrial hygiene/safety engineer or become credentialed in that field to assess injuries and safety hazards.
  • Other health professions working in the health and wellness area include occupational health analysts and nurses.

Health and Safety Job Titles

Some of the most common and in-demand job titles in the health and safety industry are physicians, nurses, and environmental personnel. For more information about each job title, check out the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook.

Health Care Positions

If you want to play a role in treating patients either directly or indirectly, then a career in healthcare may be the perfect path for you. Positions in this field are both clinical and non-clinical and include physicians, epidemiologists, hospital administration, and nursing. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts the number of registered nurses in the country will increase 15% between 2016 and 2026.

  • Claims and Insurance Analyst
  • Clinical Nurse Educator
  • Corporate Safety Director
  • Director of Safety and Wellness
  • Epidemiologist
  • Ergonomist
  • Forensic Nurse
  • Health and Safety Manager
  • Home Health Nurse
  • Hospice Nurse
  • Infection Control Practitioner
  • Manager, Occupational Health
  • Medical Director, Employee Health Services
  • Occupational Health Analyst
  • Occupational Health Nurse
  • Physician’s Assistant
  • Public Health Nurse
  • Telephone Triage Nurse
  • Travel Nurse

Law Enforcement Positions

If law enforcement is a career field that has always appealed to you, working as a police officer, corrections officer, or security guard can be just the beginning of a broad range of possibilities for women and men. Specific careers in law enforcement can range from small towns to big cities to federal agencies. As analysis of scientific evidence and electronic data has increased, the need for law enforcement professionals with relevant specialized skills has increased as well.

  • Arson Investigator
  • Compliance Investigator
  • Correctional Officer
  • Enforcement Officer
  • Epidemic Intelligence Service Officer
  • Investigator
  • Jailer
  • Police Officer
  • Security Officer

Fire-Related Jobs

There is never a shortage of fire-related jobs in the health and safety field, including opportunities as a fire and arson investigator, fire marshal, fire inspector, or firefighter. Jobs helping to prevent fires by working as a fire prevention inspector or fire prevention specialist also are available.

  • Deputy Fire Marshal
  • Fire Fighter
  • Fire Inspector
  • Fire Investigator
  • Fire Marshall
  • Fire Prevention Inspector
  • Fire Prevention Specialist
  • Fire and Explosion Investigator

Environmental Careers

If you'd like to pursue a career in the safety arena with a focus on the environment, you're in luck as there are a number of environmental jobs you can choose from.

Environmental scientists are needed to study soil, water, and more, while environmental health specialists help enforce regulations related to food, water, and hazardous wastes, among other things. If protecting the environment is your calling, a career as an environmental protection specialist might be enticing. Environmental jobs also include career options such as toxics program officers, field engineers, and waste management specialists.

  • Environmental Protection Specialist
  • Environment, Health and Safety Manager
  • Environmental Health and Safety Delivery Specialist
  • Environmental Health and Safety Engineer
  • Environmental Health and Safety Manager
  • Environmental Health Specialist
  • Environmental Protection Specialist
  • Environmental Quality Analyst
  • Environmental Scientist
  • Extravehicular Activity Safety Engineer (EVA Engineer)
  • Field Safety Officer
  • Fish and Game Warden
  • Industrial Hygiene/Safety Engineer
  • Industrial Hygienist
  • Injury/Safety Hazard Assessment
  • Inspector
  • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Enforcement Office
  • Risk Control Consultant
  • Risk Control Representative
  • Risk Management Coordinator
  • Safety Director
  • Safety Engineer
  • Safety Technician
  • Surveyor
  • System Safety Engineer
  • Toxics Program Officer
  • Waste Management Specialist

Miscellaneous Health and Safety Jobs

A lot of jobs in the health and safety field are general or do not fit into a specific area. Product safety consultants help make sure products meet necessary standards before reaching the marketplace. Other possible careers include:

  • Cargo Surveyor
  • Marine Surveyor
  • Petroleum Inspector
  • Extravehicular Activity Safety Engineer
  • Insurance Claims
  • Insurance Analyst
  • Compliance Investigator
  • Safety Director 
  • Technician
  • Product Safety Consultant
  • Product Safety Engineer
  • Product Safety Manager
  • Regional Safety Manager
  • Product Responsibility Liaison