Careers Finding a Job Employment Certificate Example for Minors Seeking Jobs Share PINTEREST Email Print sturti / Getty Images Finding a Job Job Searching Job Listings Skills & Keywords Resumes Salary & Benefits Letters & Emails Job Interviews Cover Letters Career Advice Best Jobs Work-From-Home Jobs Internships By Alison Doyle Updated on 05/14/19 While the federal government doesn't require work permits or proof-of-age certificates for minors, many states do require them for workers of certain ages. These documents represent a good faith effort to comply with minimum age requirements, and they protect the employer from prosecution for employing an underage worker. A fine or monetary penalty can result for an employer who violates an age requirement. State labor laws cover general work, agricultural and non-farm employment, the entertainment industry and door-to-door sales. If you're not sure whether your state requires an employment certificate, check with your school guidance counselor, who should know the law. While most certificates are issued by states, the Department of Labor will issue one if the state does not and the minor's employer is requesting it. Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) Child Labor Rules The Fair Labor Standards Act, established in 1938, covers minimum wage, overtime pay, record keeping, and child labor rules for children under the age of 18, affecting full- and part-time workers in private industries and the federal, state, and local governments. The rules vary based on the age of the child and his or her occupation. The FLSA child labor laws are meant to protect children's educational opportunities and prohibit employers from putting them in working conditions dangerous to their health or safety. The provisions include restrictions on hours of work for children under the age of 16 and lists of occupations that are too dangerous them. Banned Occupations for Children According to the Department of Labor, children under the age of 18 are not permitted to work in 17 different occupations that are considered hazardous, including: Mining, including but not restricted to coal miningDriving a motor vehicleUsing power-driven woodworking machinesUsing power-driven meat-processing machines and other equipment related to slaughtering, meat packing, processing, or renderingUsing power-driven bakery machinesUsing balers and compactorsManufacturing brick, tile, and related productsUsing power-driven circular saws and other similar toolsWorking in wrecking and demolitionRoofing work How to Get an Employment Certificate for Minors If your state requires an employment certificate, a.k.a. working papers, for minors, you can typically acquire the necessary documents through your school guidance office. (Not sure whether your state requires minors to get an employment certificate? The Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor offers this guide. You can also contact your State Department of Labor for updated information.) Again, requirements vary by state, but you should be prepared to offer some or all of the following information when you apply for an employment certificate: Proof of age, e.g. a birth certificate, school records, or a driver’s licenseA certificate of physical fitness from your doctor (this may require you to have a recent physical on file)Your parent’s or guardian’s full names. You may also have to bring your parents or guardians with you when you request the papers. Depending on your state’s laws, your working papers may expire after a time and need to be renewed. Sample Employment Certificate (Working Papers) for Minors The following sample employment certificate contains the necessary information in order for a minor to obtain working papers. If you are required to get an employment certificate, working papers can be obtained from either your high school or the Department of Labor, depending on where you live. _____ Employment During School Year _____ Employment During School Vacations This certificate authorizes the employment of ____________________________________ (Name of Minor) ____________________________________ (Address of Minor) Minor’s Age _____ Date of Birth _________________ Date of Issue _____________ Date of Expiration _____________ Proof of Age Accepted ______________________________________ (Specify Proof of Age) Certificate of Physical Fitness Accepted____________________ Grade Completed_____________ (Specify) Place of Birth __________________________________________ Color of Hair _______________ Color of Eyes ________________ Height _____ feet _____inches Weight ______ pounds Name of Parent(s) ___________________________________ Telephone Number __________________________________ Signature of Minor __________________________________ Issuing Office Issuing Officer's Signature______________________ Title________________________ Telephone Number__________________ Name of School________________________________________________ Address of School______________________________________________ City/State/Zip__________________________________________________ Certificate is Valid for One Year Note: Federal Hour Restrictions Not more than 3 hours on a school dayNot more than 18 hours in a school weekNot more than 8 hours on a non-school dayNot more than 40 hours in a non-school weekNot before 7 a.m. nor after 7 p.m. (9 p.m. from June 1st through Labor Day) The information contained in this article is not legal advice and is not a substitute for such advice. State and federal laws change frequently, and the information in this article may not reflect your own state’s laws or the most recent changes to the law.