Do I Need to Base My Scalp When Relaxing My Hair?

2 women With Straight Hair
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Ah, the good old days...remember when a big jar of petroleum jelly sat on many a bathroom shelf, waiting for touchup day. Your mom, auntie, best friend, cousin or whoever applied your perm at the time would dab this jelly, or "base", on the tips of your ears, around your hairline and if she was especially diligent, on each hair part before the relaxer was applied. Not every stylist does this in the salon, but some still do.

Is it really necessary to have a relaxer base, or is it just another step that takes up valuable time?  Professionals often think about the time involved in every process because that directly affects how much money they earn.

Do I Need to Base My Scalp When Relaxing My Hair?

The job of a scalp base is to protect the hairline, ears, scalp and any other part of the head that may come into contact with relaxer chemicals. One of the reasons this practice may not be as widespread today is the popularity of the no-lye relaxer. While no-lye relaxers can certainly burn the skin if used improperly, people with sensitive skin or who burn easily prefer it over lye relaxers, which, while they straighten the hair more quickly, also often give that "tingling" sensation sooner, leading to that mad dash to the sink and water.

When applying a relaxer for the first time, whether it's lye or no-lye, a base should always be used because you don't know whether it will irritate the person's skin or not. This is especially true for children. What a base will not do is prevent overprocessing or completely protect the skin if the chemicals are left on past the recommended time; you should still follow directions and not rely on any jelly to act as an infallible shield. These are still potentially dangerous chemicals at work here.

Whether or not you'll continue to need a base with every touch-up is only something you'll discover with each process. Some people have sensitive skin and burn very easily, while others do not. Basing the scalp is a personal preference, but when you consider the fact that relaxer kits come with protective gloves and stylists usually wear them when applying perms, you may want to err on the side of caution and take the extra time to use a protectant, even if you don't burn easily.

It only takes a small amount of time to apply any relaxer base. Those extra few minutes could mean the difference between a chemical process that doesn't irritate the skin and one that does. It's worth the time to ensure no burning or irritation, particularly for first-time relaxer applications.

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