Understanding the Differences in Comic Book Grade

Store shelves filled with manga comic books
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Comic book grades are given out through a company called the Certified Guaranty Company also known as the CGC. The grade of a comic book is based on its physical condition. There are different systems used by different price guides and grading companies. The two basic systems consist of a number scale from one to ten such as the CGC uses and the other one uses terms such as follows:

Near Mint
Very Fine
Very Good

Because these terms aren't standardized they might not be the most reliable. The CGC does have a guide for which terms associate with which numbers.  

Who is the CGC?

The CGC is an independent company that evaluates the condition of comic books in order to give them a grade that collectors can use. After comics are evaluated they are encapsulated in order to preserve the condition which they were graded for.  

Who are Comic Book Grades Important to?

Comic book grades are important for anyone who’s serious about the buying and selling of comics. While there are many comics of little value on the market some comics are worth a literal fortune. In order to ensure that both buyers and sellers are protected when it comes to selling their products at a fair price using a third party grading system is vital. All grades are given out anonymously so the grader never knows whose comic they’re grading.

What Affects a Comics Grade?  

The physical condition of the comic is what matters most during the rigorous evaluation process. Everything from the condition of the pages (if they’re torn or bent) to the products used to repair a damaged comic will change the grade. Due to this, it’s incredibly hard to find mint condition copies of older comics. However, a comic doesn’t need to be mint to still sell well! Rarity and consumer demand will also raise the price of a comic but the CGC doesn’t grade for those.