How to Define Your Target Market

Define a Target Market

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Don't make the mistake of marketing your product or service before you've defined your customer or client. If you do, you're just throwing your marketing money away.

Marketing isn't just a matter of placing ads. It's a method of attracting new business. Before you can hope to achieve this, you have to know exactly who you want to target with your marketing. You need to know your target market before you can reach them.

What's the point, for instance, in buying an advertising spot on TV if you're trying to sell whitewater rafting adventures? Are these sorts of people really going to be sitting in front of the tube?

Define your customer by getting to know everything you possibly can about him or her. Think carefully about your product or service. Exactly who would want to purchase it?

What Is the Target Customer Demographic Profile?

Demographics are extremely important for targeted marketing—obviously, you do not want to be marketing skateboards to seniors or expensive furniture in a low-income housing community. Establish the demographic profile of the target market:

  • How old are they?
  • What is their gender?
  • What is their marital status?
  • Do they have children? If so how old?
  • Where do they live?
  • What is their income level/net worth?

What Are the Target Customer Lifestyles/Attitudes?

Lifestyles and attitudes are also important when determining your customer profile. Working folks have lifestyle priorities and constraints on their time that retired people do not have. Is your audience:

  • Employed or retired?
  • How do they like to spend their spare time? What are their hobbies?
  • What are their shopping habits?
  • What other products do they buy?
  • Where do they go on vacation?

The web offers a wealth of information from various sources that can provide you with up to date market research and current consumer trends.

What Is the Competition for Your Product or Service?

If your targeted audience is currently buying a similar product or service from one or more competitors, find out why. Is the competitor offering:

  • Lower prices? 
  • Better service?
  • Or is there no competition for the product or service at present?

You need to develop your target market as specifically as possible if you're going to market your product or service effectively. So think of your "ideal" client or customer as a person. Visualize him or her in detail. "See" what he or she does, thinks, and wants.

If you can't visualize this person clearly and distinctly, then you need to research your potential customer or client until you can. Because until you can define your target market, you won't be able to make the decisions that need to be made about marketing, such as how, where, and when to advertise.