Army CMF Military Job Specialties

These Army CMF Codes Will Help You Choose a Career

Soldiers marching
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Joining the U.S. Army is just the first step. Once you're a soldier, you need to figure out what career skills you should develop to maximize your chances of success when you rejoin civilian life, and there is a whole host of options to choose from.

In order to choose a career path in the U.S. Army, you'll need to understand what Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) and Career Management Fields (CMF) are available. Here you can find a handy list of these career fields and how they're divided.

What Is a CMF code?

A CMF is how the Army organizes the various types of individual professions, or MOSs, into categories. For example, a Special Forces Medical Sergeant (18D MOS) falls under the broader CMF 18 category (Special Forces). Once you decide on the career path that you want, you will need to choose a more specialized MOS.

From time to time, the Army may discontinue some of these MOSs, but we are listing them for your reference. Ask your Army recruiter for the most current information.

(CMF 11) Infantry

Becoming an infantryman is a strong career path if you're joining the Army. While infantry is a military profession and therefore has no direct civilian counterpart, the skills, knowledge, and personal development that a soldier gains can go far in helping obtain worthwhile civilian employment. Additionally, there are special units and skills applicable to this MOS that are more translatable in post-military life, such as Airborne, Airmobile, Air Assault, and many others.


  • 11A Infantry Officer
  • 11B Infantryman
  • 11C Indirect Fire Infantryman
  • 11H Heavy Anti Armor Weapons Infantryman
  • 11M Bradley Fighting Vehicle Infantryman

(CMF 12) Combat Engineering

This is a great career field if you are looking for employment in construction, forestry, or industrial operations in the civilian sector. Each of the jobs in this CMF is related directly to similar or equivalent civilian occupations.


  • 12A Engineering Officer
  • 12B Combat Engineer
  • 12C Bridge Crewmember
  • 12D Diver
  • 12G Quarrying Specialist
  • 12K Plumber
  • 12M Firefighter
  • 12N Horizontal Construction Engineer
  • 12P Prime Power Production Specialist
  • 12Q Power Distribution Specialist
  • 12R Interior Electrician
  • 12T Technical Engineer
  • 12V Concrete and Asphalt Equipment Operator
  • 12W Carpentry and Masonry Specialist
  • 12Y Geospatial Engineer

(CMF 13) Field Artillery

Field artillery work is highly specialized, so the skills and knowledge acquired in this CMF could be translated into meaningful work in a variety of civilian engineering, manufacturing, and production fields.


  • 13A Field Artillery Officer
  • 13B Cannon Crewmember
  • 13D Field Artillery Tactical Data System Specialist
  • 13F Fire Support Specialist
  • 13M Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS/HIMARS) Crewmember
  • 13P MLRS/LANCE Operations Fire Direction Specialist
  • 13R Field Artillery Firefinder Radar Operator
  • 13T Field Artillery Surveyor/Meteorological Crewmember

(CMF 14) Air Defense Artillery

Air defense artillery work is also highly specialized, although it has the downside of being unique to the military. Still, the skills and knowledge you acquire here could be translated into civilian work with private industries, public agencies, and other users or manufacturers of complex electromechanical equipment.


  • 14A Air Defense Artillery Officer
  • 14E Patriot Fire Control Enhanced Operator/Maintainer
  • 14G Air Defense Battle Management System Operator
  • 14H Air Defense Enhanced Early Warning System Operator
  • 14R Bradley Linebacker Crewmember
  • 14S Air and Missile Defense (AMD) Crewmember
  • 14T PATRIOT Launching Station Enhanced Operator/Maintainer

(CMF 15) Aviation

There are many civilian aviation-related professions, so you can choose one of these career paths secure in the knowledge that you are building skills that will be highly useful for civilian employment, whether you want to be a pilot, an aircraft mechanic, or an engineer.


  • 15 Aviation Officer
  • 15B Aircraft Powerplant Repairer
  • 15D Aircraft Powertrain Repairer
  • 15E Unmanned Aircraft Systems Repairer
  • 15F Aircraft Electrician
  • 15G Aircraft Structural Repairer
  • 15H Aircraft Pneudraulics Repairer
  • 15J OH-58D Armament, Electrical, Avionics Systems Repairer
  • 15K Aircraft Components Repair Supervisor
  • 15M Utility Helicopter Repairer
  • 15N Avionics Mechanic
  • 15P Aviation Operations Specialist
  • 15Q Air Traffic Control Operator
  • 15R AH-64 Attack Helicopter Repairer
  • 15S OH-58D Helicopter Repairer
  • 15T UH-60 Helicopter Repairer
  • 15U CH-47 Helicopter Repairer
  • 15W Unmanned Aircraft Systems Operator
  • 15Y AH-64 Armament/Electrical/Avionics Systems Repairer
  • 15Z Aircraft Maintenance Senior Sergeant

(CMF 18) Special Forces

Those who have chosen the Special Forces path will be part of an elite military organization that employs specialized elements to accomplish important missions in times of peace and war. Although CMF 18 MOS are not entry-level positions, an SF soldier with specialized training, skills, knowledge, and personal development can obtain worthwhile employment in law enforcement, personal security, or national security agencies.


  • 18A Special Forces Officer
  • 18B Special Forces Weapons Sergeant
  • 18C Special Forces Engineer Sergeant
  • 18D Special Forces Medical Sergeant
  • 18E Special Forces Communications Sergeant

(CMF 19) Armor

This CMF is a tough one to directly translate to the civilian field, but the skills you gain through working with heavy mechanical equipment may be applicable to the heavy construction, steelwork, and logging industries.


(CMF 25) Audio-Visual - Signal Operations

In the past few years, the fields of communications and telecommunications have become increasingly important. Almost every large corporation or government agency depends on such devices for successful day-to-day operations. As a civilian with Army experience, there are employment opportunities in information technology, communications systems, radio and television stations, AV production houses, government agencies, schools, and colleges.


  • 25A Signal Officer
  • 25B Information Technology Specialist
  • 25C Radio Operator-Maintainer
  • 25D Cyber Network Defender
  • 25L Cable Systems Installer-Maintainer
  • 25M Multimedia Illustrator
  • 25N Nodal Network Systems Operator-Maintainer
  • 25P Microwave Systems Operator-Maintainer
  • 25Q Multichannel Transmission Systems Operator-Maintainer
  • 25R Visual Information Equipment Operator-Maintainer
  • 25S Satellite Communication Systems Operator-Maintainer
  • 25U Signal Support Systems Specialist
  • 25V Combat Documentation/Production Specialist

(CMF 27) Legal

Choosing a career in the legal sector can certainly give you key experience to building a civilian legal career, although you should keep in mind that this legal field is military-specific and may not translate easily to civilian law.


  • 27A Army Judge Advocate General's Corps Attorney
  • 27D Paralegal Specialist

(CMF 31) Military Police

Upon returning to civilian life, a soldier may find considerable opportunities in police, security, or investigative employment. The background acquired in the Army could be applied to a career with a federal, state, or local law enforcement agency, or in the fields of correctional or industrial security.


  • 31A Military Police Officer
  • 31B Military Police
  • 31D Criminal Investigation Special Agent
  • 31E Internment/Settlement Specialist
  • 31K Military Working Dog Handler

(CMF 35) Military Intelligence

Corporations, government agencies, and other organizations highly regard intelligence experience for selected civilian jobs, because it represents abilities that are usually associated with managerial and executive-level work—abilities that establish integrity, loyalty, and trustworthiness.

Jobs that were formerly listed as 98X Electronic Warfare/Signal Intelligence Specialist (Linguist) have been placed under this CMF with new MOS numbering.


  • 35F Intelligence Analyst
  • 35G Geospatial Intelligence Imagery Analyst
  • 35L Counterintelligence Agent
  • 35M Human Intelligence Collector
  • 35N Signals Intelligence Analyst
  • 35P Cryptologic Linguist
  • 35Q Cryptologic Network Warfare Specialist - replaces 98X
  • 35S Signals Collection Analyst
  • 35T Military Intelligence Systems Maintainer/Integrator

(CMF 37) Psychological Operations

Experience as a PSYOP specialist develops indicates you have skills in basic marketing techniques, from market segmentation and analysis of consumer behavior to advertising and sales promotion.

The soldier is further exposed to data processing, graphics manipulation, broadcast journalism, and videography. An assignment within Psychological Operations provides the soldier considerable formulation of information strategies that involves joint, combined, and interagency coordination. All CMF 37 soldiers receive basic foreign language and airborne training.


  • 37A Psychological Operations Officer
  • 37F Psychological Operations Specialist

(CMF 38) Civil Affairs

Soldiers in civil affairs must help plan missions that involve civilians, which can include evacuations or providing aid following disasters. Skills gained in this career path will translate to jobs at international charities and aid organizations, or with private security organizations. Experience in planning civil affairs missions may also look good on the résumé of someone looking for a leadership position.


  • 38A Civil Affairs Officer (Reserve Component)
  • 38A Civil Affairs Specialist

(CMF 42) Human Resources and Band

Human resources experience can lead to a career in HR and management in every type of company as well as in government service. Businesses and public service agencies have a continuing need for competent administrative personnel, making anyone in this career path an attractive hire.

Employment opportunities for civilian musicians can range from moderately to highly competitive, depending on the job or type of work being sought. Typical employers of musicians are theaters, radio and television stations, concert halls, schools, colleges, recording studios, and just about anywhere that music is played.


  • 42A Human Resources Specialist
  • 42B Human Resources Officer
  • 42C Band Officer
  • 42R Musician
  • 42S Special Band Musician

(CMF 46) Public Affairs

Soldiers who gain experience doing Army public affairs work can typically find careers either in journalism or as spokespersons for organizations. Corporations, public relations agencies, broadcasting stations, and government agencies would be the best places to find jobs in this career field.


(CMF 56) Chaplain

Chaplains often go into religious leadership after military service, becoming pastors, rabbis, imams, or other types of clergy.


  • 56A Chaplain
  • 56M Chaplain Assistant

(CMF 60 and 61) Medical

These are physicians who serve in the Army, with skills directly translatable to civilian careers in health and medicine.


  • 60B Nuclear Medicine Officer
  • 60C Preventive Medicine Officer
  • 60D Occupational Medicine Officer
  • 60F Pulmonary Disease/Critical Care Officer
  • 60G Gastroenterologist
  • 60J Obstetrician/Gynecologist
  • 60K Urologist
  • 60L Dermatologist
  • 60M Allergist, Clinical Immunologist
  • 60N Anesthesiologist
  • 60P Pediatric Physician
  • 60R Child Neurologist
  • 60S Ophthalmologist
  • 60T Otolaryngologist
  • 60J Child Psychiatrist
  • 60V Neurologist
  • 60W Psychiatrist
  • 61A Nephrologist
  • 61B Medical Oncologist/Hematologist
  • 61C Endocrinologist
  • 61D Rheumatologist
  • 61E Clinical Pharmacologist
  • 61F Internal Medicine Physician
  • 61G Infectious Disease Officer
  • 61H Family Medicine Physician
  • 61J General Surgeon
  • 61K Thoracic Surgeon
  • 61L Plastic Surgeon
  • 61M Orthopedic Surgeon
  • 61N Flight Surgeon
  • 61P Physiatrist
  • 61Q Therapeutic Radiologist
  • 61R Diagnostic Radiologist
  • 61U Pathologist
  • 61W Peripheral Vascular Surgeon
  • 61Z Neurosurgeon
  • 62 Medical Corps Officer
  • 62A Emergency Physician
  • 62B Field Surgeon
  • 63 Dental Corps Officer
  • 63B Comprehensive Dentist

(CMF 64) Veterinary

Skills developed in caring for animals will open doors to veterinary practices.


  • 64 Veterinary Corps Officer
  • 64A Field Veterinary Service
  • 64C Veterinary Laboratory Animal Medicine Officer
  • 64D Veterinary Pathology
  • 64F Veterinary Clinical Medicine

(CMF 65) Medical Specialists

These career paths focus on health care and medicine and lead to lucrative careers in the medical industry, either by starting your own practice or working in hospitals and doctor's offices. You could also serve as a medical or health consultant for a private company.


  • 65 Medical Specialist Corps Officer
  • 65A Occupational Therapist
  • 65B Physical Therapist
  • 65C Dietitian
  • 65D Physician Assistant

(CMF 66) Nurse Corps


  • 66 Nurse Corps Officer
  • 66B Army Public Health Nurse
  • 66C Psychiatric/Behavioral Nurse
  • 66E Perioperative Nurse
  • 66F Nurse Anesthetist
  • 66G Ob/Gyn Nurse
  • 66H Medical-Surgical Nurse
  • 66P Family Nurse Practitioner
  • 66R Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
  • 66S Critical Care Nurse
  • 66T Emergency Room Nurse
  • 66W Certified Nurse Midwife

(CMF 67) Medical Service Corps


  • 67 Medical Service Corps Officer
  • 67E Pharmacist
  • 67F Optometrist
  • 67G Podiatrist
  • 67J Aeromedical Evacuations Officer

(CMF 68) Medical Specialists


  • 68A Biomedical Equipment Specialist
  • 68B Orthopedic Specialist
  • 68C Practical Nursing Specialist
  • 68D Operating Room Specialist
  • 68E Dental Specialist
  • 68F Physical Therapy Specialist
  • 68G Patient Administration Specialist
  • 68H Optical Laboratory Specialist
  • 68J Medical Logistics Specialist
  • 68K Medical Laboratory Specialist
  • 68L Occupational Therapy Specialist
  • 68M Nutrition Care Specialist
  • 68N Cardiovascular Specialist
  • 68P Radiology Specialist
  • 68Q Pharmacy Specialist
  • 68R Veterinary Food Inspection Specialist
  • 68S Preventive Medicine Specialist
  • 68U Ear, Nose, and Throat Specialist
  • 68Y Eye Specialist
  • 68V Respiratory Specialist
  • 68W Health Care Specialist
  • 68X Mental Health Specialist

(CMF 70) Health Care


  • 70A Health Care Administrator
  • 70B Health Services Administration
  • 70C Health Services Comptroller
  • 70D Health Services System Management
  • 70E Patient Administration
  • 70F Health Services Human Resources
  • 70H Health Service Plans, Operations, Intelligence Security and Training
  • 70K Health Services Materiel

(CMF 71) Medical Research


  • 71A Microbiologist
  • 71B Biochemistry/Physiologist
  • 71E Clinical Laboratory Scientist
  • 71F Research Psychologist

(CMF 72) Preventive Medicine Sciences


  • 72A Nuclear Medical Science Officer
  • 72B Entomologist
  • 72C Audiologist
  • 72D Environmental Science/Engineering Officer

(CMF 73) Behavioral Sciences


  • 73A Social Worker
  • 73B Clinical Psychologist

(CMF 74) Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear


  • 74A Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Officer
  • 74D Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Specialist

(CMF 88) Transportation

The majority of Army positions in this field are closely related to similar civilian occupations. Potential civilian employers are trucking firms, marinas, airports, railroads, and intra-coastal shipping companies.


  • 88A Transportation Officer
  • 88H Cargo Specialist
  • 88K Watercraft Operator
  • 88L Watercraft Engineer
  • 88M Motor Transport Operator
  • 88N Transportation Management Coordinator
  • 88P Railway Equipment Repairer (USAR)
  • 88T Railway Section Repairer (USAR)
  • 88U Railway Operations Crewmember (USAR)

(CMF 89) Ammunition and Ordnance Disposal

This profession translates well to the private security industry or to construction jobs that involve demolition, for example.


  • 89A Ammunition Stock Control and Accounting Specialist
  • 89B Ammunition Specialist
  • 89D Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Specialist
  • 89E Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Officer

(CMF 91) Maintenance

Machines play such an important role in our lives. Just about anywhere you go, machines are being used to make our lives easier, and someone has to keep them going. Manufacturing plants, industries, construction companies, and apartment buildings all utilize equipment similar to what you'd be working on in this career path.


  • 91A M1 Abrams Tank System Maintainer
  • 91B Wheeled Vehicle Mechanic
  • 91C Utilities Equipment Repairer
  • 91E Allied Trade Specialist
  • 91D Power-Generation Equipment Repairer
  • 91F Small Arm/Artillery Repairer
  • 91G Fire Control Repairer
  • 91H Track Vehicle Repairer
  • 91J Quartermaster and Chemical Equipment Repairer
  • 91L Construction Equipment Repairer
  • 91M Bradley Fighting Vehicle System Maintainer
  • 91P Artillery Mechanic
  • 91S Stryker Systems Maintainer

(CMF 92) Supply

The Army's Quartermaster Branch studies and utilizes modern business methods to ensure the efficient and effective support of soldiers and worldwide Army operations. Skills learned through classroom and on-the-job training vary greatly by MOS, but some examples that are easily transferable to the civilian industry include supply data processor, inventory specialist, warehousing manager, food service management, mortuary sciences, airload and parachute preparation, fabric and upholstery repair, and commercial laundry skills (hospital and hotel).


  • 92A Automated Logistical Specialist
  • 92G Culinary Specialist
  • 92F Petroleum Supply Specialist
  • 92L Petroleum Laboratory Specialist
  • 92M Mortuary Affairs Specialist
  • 92R Parachute Rigger
  • 92S Shower/Laundry and Clothing Repair Specialist
  • 92W Water Treatment Specialist
  • 92Y Unit Supply Specialist

(CMF 94) Aircraft Maintenance

Civilian opportunities in aircraft maintenance are directly related to Army positions. There are aircraft manufacturers, commercial airlines, and corporate aircraft—all of which are required by federal law to have routine inspections, maintenance, and servicing.


  • 94A Land Combat Electronic Missile System Repairer
  • 94D Air Traffic Control Equipment Repairer
  • 84E Radio and Communications Security Repairer
  • 94F Computer/Detection Systems Repairer
  • 94H Test Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment Maintenance Support Specialist
  • 94M Radar Repairer
  • 94P Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) Repairer
  • 94R Avionic and Survivability Equipment Repairer
  • 94S Patriot System Repairer
  • 94T Avenger System Repairer
  • 94Y Integrated Family of Test Equipment (IFTE) Operator/Maintainer