Army Job: Special Forces Assistant Ops & Intelligence Sgt. MOS 18F

These Green Berets oversee intelligence for their detachments

Green Berets training National Guards

North Carolina National Guard / CC BY-ND 2.0 / Flickr

An Army Special Forces Assistant Operations and Intelligence Sergeant is part of an operational detachment of special forces soldiers tasked with preparing intelligence for special missions. 

The Army's Special Forces unit, best known as the Green Berets, began as a unit tasked with unconventional warfare tactics, but has grown to include special reconnaissance missions, counterterrorism, foreign internal defense and direct action strikes, usually quick operations in hostile territory.

The Assistant Operations and Intelligence Sergeant is categorized by the Army as military occupational specialty (MOS) 18F.

These soldiers are the cream of the crop, and much of the work they do and the tactics they use are highly classified. Some of their duties are humanitarian in nature, including hostage rescue and peacekeeping missions. 

Duties of MOS 18F

These soldiers are part of 12-soldier units known as detachments, which have specific missions. They employ conventional and unconventional warfare tactics and strategies to collect intelligence and provide tactical guidance to the detachment commander as well as other Army personnel.

They prepare intelligence both in preparation for special missions and during operations. This may include writing operation plans and combat orders and conducting briefings and debriefings. 

MOS 18Fs are also tasked with establishing what are known as intelligence nets, handling agents and preparing agent reports for the operations at hand. They process prisoners of war, establish security plans, and maintain classified documents.

A significant part of their duties is to establish evacuation plans for their Special Ops detachment.

How to Qualify As MOS 18F

This is not an entry-level position; before you can serve in this job you must have served previously as a lower-rank special forces soldier, in MOS 18B (Special Ops Weapons Sergeant), 18C (Special Ops Engineer), 18D (Special Ops Medical Sergeant), or 18E (Special Ops Communications Sergeant). 

New recruits who want to join Special Forces enlist under MOS 18X, a general Special Forces Enlistment Option. You'll need to do more than the standard basic training boot camp; you also have to take infantry training at the same time. 

The specific job you'll have in Special Ops is determined during the Special Forces Assessment and Selection portion of your training.

Requirements for MOS 18F

Special Ops soldiers need a score of at least 110 in the general technical (GT) section and a combat operation score of at least 100 on the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) tests. They also must take and pass the Army Physical Fitness Assessment with a minimum score of 240, and complete the pre-basic task list. 

If you're interested in Special Ops jobs, you have to qualify and volunteer for airborne training and have vision correctable to 20/20 in both eyes. You also have to be a U.S. citizen.

And of course, since so much of what Green Berets do is highly sensitive and often classified, anyone enlisting in this MOS must qualify for a secret security clearance from the Department of Defense. This involves a background check of finances and character and a criminal background investigation. A history of drug or alcohol abuse may be grounds for denying this clearance.